alison.lock whatsapp Greece’s top tax official resigns Wednesday 9 March 2011 2:25 pm Greece’s top tax official resigned on Wednesday two days after Moody’s slashed the country’s credit rating, citing shortfalls in tax collection.A government spokesman said that Dimitris Georgakopoulos, secretary-general at the Finance Ministry in charge of tax and customs issues, left his post.“He resigned for personal reasons,” government spokesman George Petalotis told Reuters, without elaborating.Tax collection is a weak point in Greece’s efforts to reduce its deficit as part of an €110bn (£94.8bn) EU/IMF bailout to avoid bankruptcy.The country missed its revenue targets last year and risks missing them again in 2011, the EU and the IMF said, urging the government to do more against tax dodgers.Moody’s on Monday cut Greece’s rating by three notches, citing among other reasons continued flaws in Greece’s tax collecting mechanism.“Government revenues have been slow to rebound, which is in part the result of a continued weakness in tax collection mechanisms,” the agency said.Greece has rejected the agency’s criticism, saying that initial targets may have been missed but tax revenues actually rose last year, despite the country’s austerity-fuelled recession. Tags: NULL Share Show Comments ▼ Read This NextRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapCNN’s Brian Stelter Draws Criticism for Asking Jen Psaki: ‘What Does theThe WrapDid Donald Trump Wear His Pants Backwards? Kriss Kross Memes Have AlreadyThe WrapPink Floyd’s Roger Waters Denies Zuckerberg’s Request to Use Song in Ad:The WrapHarvey Weinstein to Be Extradited to California to Face Sexual AssaultThe Wrap2 HFPA Members Resign Citing a Culture of ‘Corruption and Verbal Abuse’The Wrap’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe Wrap’Black Widow’ First Reactions: ‘This Is Like the MCU’s Bond Movie’The Wrap’Small Axe’: Behind the Music Everyone Grooved On in Steve McQueen’sThe Wrap whatsapp
Please enter your comment! TAGSApopka Golf and Tennis at ErrolGolf TournamentScrambleThe Pantry at St. Francis Previous articleYoung Kim: An unorthodox approach to politicsNext articleBurglary Report – Week ending 2/21/2016 Claire Haslett RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR The Anatomy of Fear LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Please enter your name here Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here The Pantry at St. Francis is holding its 16th annual golf tournament to benefit the poor and needy in the greater Apopka area. The tournament will be held on Sunday, March 13, 2016, at Apopka Golf and Tennis at Errol Estate, 1355 Errol Parkway, Apopka. Interested golfers, sponsors, or donors should contact Jackie Jones at 407-637-6461.The Pantry is located at St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church, 834 S. Highway 441, Apopka. It is open from 9 a.m. until noon every Friday morning for emergency help, and on the first and third Fridays, clients have free choices of food staples, and some personal care items. On the other two Fridays, volunteers deliver food to those unable to visit the pantry. When funds are available, our clients are also assisted with medicines, transportation, emergency housing, clothing and household furnishings.All Pantry workers are volunteers. The church provides space rent-free, and almost 100% of our funds go to help our needy visitors. All funds are donated and contributions are tax deductible.Last year The Pantry handed out about 102,000 lbs of food to around 17,000 people.The event will begin at noon with registrations, free range practice and a putting contest. Shotgun scramble start time is at 1:00. Entry forms are available from the Apopka Golf and Tennis Club at Errol or at St. Francis of Assisi. A cash raffle, auction and door prizes will lend to the the fun of this event to benefit The Pantry followed by dinner and prizes.Get your foursome together now! Cost for the event is $95 each or $60 each for Apopka Golf and Tennis members. Cost includes range balls, golf, cart fee, prizes and dinner following play.
Projects Year: “COPY” Photographs House 20 / Jolson Architecture House 20 / Jolson ArchitectureSave this projectSaveHouse 20 / Jolson Architecture Save this picture!© Peter Bennetts+ 34 Share “COPY” ArchDaily Houses Architects: Jolson Architecture Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/156059/house-20-jolson-architecture Clipboard Australia CopyHouses•Melbourne, Australia 2010 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/156059/house-20-jolson-architecture Clipboard Area: 1250 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Photographs: Peter Bennetts Text description provided by the architects. House 20 presents a series of blades cantilevering over a bronze wall; pushing and pulling. A grassy knoll rises out of the earth below, being drawn up towards the jostling blades, and partially veiling the building’s elevation and under croft from the street’s vantage point. Below this point of arrival and shelter the offset rhythm and warmth of the bronze wall reveals itself. Save this picture!© Peter BennettsRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System – LINEAMetallicsStudcoWall Stop Ends – EzyCapEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornSpanning from boundary to boundary, and wrapping within the glazed central entry door, this wall creates a planar datum and threshold of concealment. Beyond this threshold the ground floor interior is a continuum of flowing spatial events, with uninterrupted sight lines into the depth of the dwelling. Bold artworks identify spaces that progress from a formal entry, to formal living and dining, and finally casual living, bookended by a mass fireplace wall. The ground-plane opens up to the north with a series of staggered vertical blade columns which slice and define the programme. Here exists a tension between the interior and exterior – thresholds becoming blurred, as habitable space nestles within and without, whilst maximizing and controlling northern light, giving shelter, warmth, and continuity of space, continuity of materials. Save this picture!© Peter BennettsConnecting the three storey internal volume is a glazed void, a room within a room, drawing through fresh air, light and the open elements. At its base a pond mirrors the sky and cools convecting air. Privacy and direct light are moderated via woven steel mesh, draped within as if the veil from an oversized lantern. Save this picture!© Peter BennettsThe house rigorously conceals and integrates mechanical, electrical and hydraulic systems. Seamless outcomes have been achieved by close collaboration with structural and services engineers, from earliest design conception to final resolution. Save this picture!© Peter BennettsThe first floor is the clients private retreat with roof terrace, master suite, library and study. Here the elevated façade can be engaged with at a very intimate level; channelling views out over the grassy knoll to the street’s plane trees. The contrasting light and dark furniture palette within articulates personality traits of the clients, distinguishing ‘her’ study from ‘his’. Save this picture!© Peter BennettsThe basement is half entrenched in the earth and half revealed. Here dark tones sit against slick bodies of water; focusing the sensory experience. A large retractable glass wall disappears to open the pool to the entertainment space , as light emanates from the light well – a grotto for fun, fitness and relaxation. Save this picture!© Peter BennettsHouse 20 is space inhabited between elemental plane, void and axis. Light, views, colour and texture are woven through the concrete blades to create a flowing interplay of spatial experiences.Save this picture!© Peter BennettsProject gallerySee allShow lessSt. Petersburg Pier Design Competition Announces Semi-finalistsArticlesTallinn Architecture Biennale: September 8-11, 2011Articles Share CopyAbout this officeJolson ArchitectureOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasMelbourneHouses3D ModelingAustraliaPublished on August 05, 2011Cite: “House 20 / Jolson Architecture” 05 Aug 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
ArchDaily Save this picture!© Federico Cairoli+ 14Curated by Clara Ott Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/922695/mm-house-alarciaferrer-arquitectos Clipboard Photographs Argentina Structural Calculation:German SarborariaConstruction:Juan Manuel Roque AllendeCountry:ArgentinaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Federico CairoliRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System – LINEAWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – BronzoFinestra B40WindowsSolarluxSliding Window – CeroText description provided by the architects. The work is located in an area immersed in a privileged natural environment but with the particularity of being very close to a path of high transit that inevitably pollutes his experience. The house is projected and expands toward the west by a podium taking advantage of the visual of the lake and to the east, incorporating a courtyard which contains not only organizes the main income but also allows better ventilation, lighting, and living of the public area annulling the contamination of the route.Save this picture!© Federico CairoliSave this picture!Floor PlansSave this picture!© Federico CairoliAn open organization proposes spaces that are concatenated by joints, or differences in height by generating a great continuity and fluidity between them. A slanted roof accentuates this spatial quality generating a second floor where nature is the sector of greater privacy than through moveable panels enables different relationships according to their need. The materials employees respond to structural logics, low maintenance and in tune with its environment. Save this picture!© Federico CairoliSpecifically, the use of exposed concrete extends through a horizontal sizing cheating from the possibilities of the labor available ensuring some control in its construction process. The resulting expression discipline-specific perforations of each opening of the work by a rigorous modulation. Finally, this sits on a stone plinth that colonizes a great part of the land creating outdoor spaces with different characteristics.Save this picture!© Federico CairoliSave this picture!SectionsSave this picture!© Federico CairoliProject gallerySee allShow lessNew Tiunda School / C.F. MøllerSelected ProjectsHouse I / Thiermann Cruz ArquitectosSelected Projects Share CopyHouses•Argentina 2017 Lead Architects: Year: Projects MM House / alarciaferrer arquitectosSave this projectSaveMM House / alarciaferrer arquitectos MM House / alarciaferrer arquitectos Photographs: Federico Cairoli “COPY” Architects: alarciaferrer arquitectos Area Area of this architecture project Area: 228 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Joaquin Alarcia, Federico Ferrer Deheza Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/922695/mm-house-alarciaferrer-arquitectos Clipboard “COPY” CopyAbout this officealarciaferrer arquitectosOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesArgentinaPublished on August 12, 2019Cite: “MM House / alarciaferrer arquitectos” [Casa MM / alarciaferrer arquitectos] 12 Aug 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Howard Lake | 18 February 2008 | News Core Arts in Hackney has received a big cash boost thanks to a £200,000 grant awarded by the City of London’s City Bridge Trust. The grant has been given to Core Arts so the charity can purchase the freehold of St. Barnabas Centre for Creative Communities, which focuses on helping people who suffer mental ill health and are registered disabled.The charity, established 14 years ago, is a unique organisation providing a range of visual art, music, and multi-media opportunities for people with mental health problems living in Hackney and surrounding areas. The demand for such a service is well documented, with the levels of mental ill health in deprived boroughs such as Hackney being significantly above the national average.With Core Arts offering 52 workshops each week in creative writing, painting, music and singing, the grant will allow for Core Arts to buy the building in which the charity functions. Says Ms Giuliana Molinari – Business and Fundraising manager of Core Arts, “We were over the moon when the funds were approved, it will enable us to purchase St. Barnabas Church, with the project continuing to benefit hundreds of people with poor mental health”The City Bridge Trust has awarded over £200 million to London’s charities and community groups in the last twelve years to help the lives of disabled people, children, young people and older people in London communities, as well as supporting environmental projects and the voluntary and community sector.It is the largest, independent grant making trust in London following an Act of Parliament in 1995 which allowed surplus monies from the ancient trust (originally set up to maintain the five London bridges crossing the Thames into the City) to be spent for the benefit of Londoners, through charitable grant making. The Trust’s £620 million fund was built up over 900 years, originating from ancient taxes imposed on London Bridge.Says Clare Thomas, Chief Grants Officer at The City Bridge Trust; “This grant application was commended by our committee and clearly demonstrates the tangible outcomes for East London’s communities through Core Art’s work. We look forward to seeing how the charity’s work will grow as a result.”To find out more about The City Bridge Trust and its grants, charities should log onto www.citybridgetrust.org.ukThose wanting to find out more about Core Arts, please contact Business and fundraising manager – Ms Giuliana Molinari, 1 St. Barnabas Terrace, Homerton, London. E9 6DJ. Tel: 020 8510 9990. www.corearts.co.uk– ENDS –Notes to Editors:The City Bridge TrustThe City Bridge Trust is London’s largest independent grant-making trust, of which the City of London Corporation is the sole trustee. Through its grant-making and strategic initiatives, The City Bridge Trust works closely with voluntary groups and charities to reduce disadvantage in London. The City Bridge Trust was set up in 1995 as the grant making arm of Bridge House Estates whose original purpose was to maintain the first stone bridge across the River Thames – London Bridge.www.citybridgetrust.org.ukCity of London CorporationThe ancient City of London Corporation has a 21st- century role supporting the business City as the world’s leading international financial and business centre. The City of London Corporation provides local government services for the City of London “Square Mile” at the heart of London – but its responsibilities also extend far beyond the City boundaries and include paying for and running the Barbican Centre, Epping Forest, Hampstead Heath, and three wholesale food markets, as well as acting as the London Port Health Authority. The City of London Corporation is the sole trustee of The City Bridge Trust.FOR PRESS ENQUIRIES, PLEASE CONTACT:Fiona McKenzie or Rhian Croucher at Rain Communications UKT: 020 7222 4345E: [email protected] or [email protected] 27 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Hackney’s Core Arts Charity is awarded £200,000 by The City of London’s City Bridge Trust Tagged with: Funding AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis
News Receive email alerts News Together with 11 other civil society organizations, RSF has meanwhile created the Forum on Information and Democracy, an entity that aims to bring experts together to address the issues resulting from the paradigm change in the public domain, and to formulate recommendations for regulation and self-regulation. Follow the news on United States to go further News On 26 May, Twitter began fact-checking Trump’s tweets for the first time and appended “Get the facts” links to two of his tweets claiming that use of mail-in ballots in the 2020 presidential election would lead to massive fraud. Forty-eight hours later, the enraged president signed an executive order calling for change to the US legislation that regulates online platforms, in particular Section 230 of the 1996 Communications Decency Act, which shields online services from liability for user-posted content. The existing systems of accountability (or lack of accountability) for online platforms and social media are no longer adequate and must be revised. This involves amending the e-commerce directive by means of the Digital Services Act in Europe, and amending Section 230 in the United States. The platforms that shape and “structure” the online domain must in future be required to respect democratic principles such as those proclaimed in the Declaration on Information and Democracy that an international Commission of 25 prominent figures issued in November 2018. June 3, 2021 Find out more April 28, 2021 Find out more RSF has also created the Journalism Trust Initiative, a set of standards designed to encourage respect for journalistic methods and ethics by means of indicators measuring the reliability and independence of information. Platforms could use the JTI to promote trustworthy news and information by incorporating these indicators into their algorithms. Olivier DOULIERY / AFP Help by sharing this information This initiative led to the creation of an International Partnership for Information and Democracy at the most recent UN General Assembly that has so far been signed by 36 countries. These 36 countries, which do not include the United States, have urged online platforms to be transparent and to respect a number of principles, including the need to promote reliable news and information. United StatesAmericas Online freedoms InternetFreedom of expression May 30, 2020 Trump/Twitter: Could everyone calm down and look at the big picture? “The tech giants don’t have the legitimacy to take editorial decisions – going down that road entails considerable risk,” RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “Entities that have hundreds of millions or even billions of subscribers cannot act like news media without danger in the long term. In view of their power over the mass processing of news, information, opinions and ideas, platforms and social media must be subjected to an adequate system of accountability, and revising Section 230 is not absurd as long as it benefits freedom of opinion and pluralism. We therefore urge everyone to calm down and to approach these major issues with the required serenity and intelligence. Both politicians and platform executives must look at the big picture and must address the structural causes of the online information chaos on the basis of democratic principles.” Organisation The heated debate triggered by Twitter’s decision to put fact-check warnings on Donald Trump’s tweets and the US president’s retaliation in the form of an “Executive Order on Preventing Online Censorship” needs to be refocused on the structural causes of the online information chaos, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) says. June 7, 2021 Find out more Facebook’s Oversight Board is just a stopgap, regulation urgently needed, RSF says News WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists United StatesAmericas Online freedoms InternetFreedom of expression NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say RSF_en
News UpdatesPatna High Court Suggests Reservation For Transgender Community On Regular Basis Under OBC Category; Asks State To Take The Final Decision Akshita Saxena10 March 2021 11:51 PMShare This – x”May be, reservation on regular basis can be confined upto O.B.C. category for transgenders,” contemplated the Patna High Court recently. A Division Bench comprising of Chief Justice Sanjay Karol and Justice S. Kumar observed, “A decision in the affirmative would not only uplift the lifestyle and education of the persons, but also going to be a correct step in bringing them into…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”May be, reservation on regular basis can be confined upto O.B.C. category for transgenders,” contemplated the Patna High Court recently. A Division Bench comprising of Chief Justice Sanjay Karol and Justice S. Kumar observed, “A decision in the affirmative would not only uplift the lifestyle and education of the persons, but also going to be a correct step in bringing them into the mainstream.” The observation was made in a writ petition filed against pitiable condition of the transgender community in the State of Bihar. The PIL filed by Veera Yadav at the peak of pandemic highlighted the inhumane living conditions of the transgender community in Bihar, which was even deprived of access to food due to lockdown. Taking cognizance of the matter, the Court has addressed various problems being faced by the community. Addressing one such issue of education and employment of transgender persons, the Bench had asked the State Government to clarify the steps taken being taken by it for affording reservation to the members of the Transgender community. Thereafter, it had taken objection to an advertisement issued by the Central Selection Board of Constable and had asked the state authorities to enable the Transgender Community to apply for the post, following which, the Bihar Government decided to offer reservation to the said community in appointment to the post of Constables/Sub-Inspector. The Government also informed the High Court that it is going to create a separate unit of Transgender Police Personnel named as Special Unit (Transgender) at the District Level under the District S.P. When the matter was taken up on Tuesday, the Division Bench opined that considering the total population of the transgender community in Bihar, which is approximately 39,000, the Government should consider conferring similar benefit with respect to other Departments. It observed, “Perhaps, at this point in time, there may not be very many persons to be even eligible to apply. But then, such benefit would only inspire persons from such community to undertake education and to become eligible for appointment to such posts.” The matter has now been fixed for April 13, by which time the State Government has been asked to take a final decision with respect to reservation for transgender community in other Departments, perhaps under the OBC category.Recently, the Karnataka Government said that it is willing to consider the transgender persons under one of the categories of Other Backward classes for recruitment, after obtaining the opinion of the Karnataka State Commission for Backward Classes. Read similar stories: Calcutta High Court Directs Centre To Grant Reservation, Other Benefits To Transgender Persons In Joint CSIR-UGC NET ExamTransgender Persons Moved Tribunal For Reservation In FDA/SDA Jobs At District Courts Case Title: Veera Yadav v. Govt. of Bihar Click Here To Download Order Read OrderSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
WLS(CHIGAGO) — One Chicago firefighter has died and two others were hospitalized Monday night while searching for a missing boater.The Chicago Fire Department confirmed via a Twitter post early Tuesday that Juan Bucio, who’d been critically injured, had died.The two other injured firefighters were transported to Northwestern Medical Center and were in good condition, the department said. Lucio had been taken to Stroger Hospital.Bucio, 46, a 15-year veteran, spent the last 11 years on the city’s dive team, CFD Commissioner Jose Santiago told ABC Chicago station WLS.The three CFD dive-team members were looking for a 28-year-old man who fell overboard in the Chicago River around 8 p.m., according to WLS.That man remains missing.This is a developing story. Check back for updates.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
Share via Shortlink Email Address* Marc Fisher Footwear founder Marc Fisher, Trump Tower and Eric Trump (Getty)The Trump Organization is taking shoe designer Marc Fisher to court for allegedly skipping rent payments at Trump Tower.The former president’s company claims Marc Fisher owes $1.47 million under a 2015 lease at the building, where it had inked a deal to occupy the 21st floor and part of the 22nd floor.The Trump Organization claims Marc Fisher hasn’t paid its monthly rent of $144,936 since November, said the suit, first reported by Bloomberg News. The footwear company leases a total of 28,387 square feet of space, court documents show.Marc Fisher did not immediately comment on the suit. The company was the third-largest tenant at Trump Tower as of July 2019, behind Gucci and the Trump Organization itself.ADVERTISEMENTRead moreGucci renews at Trump Tower Fifth Avenue’s empty stores Manhattan D.A. ramps up Trump probe Full Name* fifth avenueretail renttrump organizationtrump tower Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Tags Gucci recently extended its lease at Trump Tower beyond 2026. In exchange, the luxury retailer reportedly received a reduction in rent.But with retailers rethinking brick-and-mortar stores, the Trump Organization is facing retail vacancies elsewhere in its portfolio. Tiffany & Co. does not plan to extend its 74,000-square-foot lease at 6 East 57th Street, where it moved during a $250 million renovation of its flagship on Fifth Avenue.During the fourth quarter, the retail availability for upper Fifth Avenue was 23 percent, according to Cushman & Wakefield. And a survey on foot by The Real Deal found 32 vacant storefronts on Fifth Avenue between 42nd and 59th streets.Meanwhile, Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance’s investigation into the Trump Organization appears to be ramping up. Vance’s office has obtained the former president’s tax returns and recently subpoenaed the New York City Tax Commission, seeking documents the Trump Organization filed in an effort to lower tax assessments for its portfolio, including Trump Tower.Contact E.B. Solomont Message*
Arthropods, as poikilotherms, adapt to cold environments in a variety of ways that include extension of locomotory activity to low temperatures, enhancement of metabolic rate and maintenance of a positive energy balance whenever possible. The ecological implications for many such animals are extension of the life cycle and a requirement for an individual to overwinter several times. Prolonged sub-zero temperatures increase the risk of tissue freezing, and two main strategies have been evolved, first avoidance of freezing by supercooling, and secondly, tolerance of extracellular ice. In the first strategy, freezing is invariably lethal and extensive supercooling (to — 30 °C and below) occurs through elimination or masking of potential ice nucleators in the body and accumulation of cryoprotective substances such as polyhydric alcohols and sugars. Such species are termed freezing intolerant. The second strategy, freezing tolerance, is uncommon in arthropods and other invertebrates, and usually occurs in a single life stage of a species. Freezing of liquid in the extracellular compartment is promoted by proteinaceous ice nucleators. Freezing is therefore protective, and the lethal temperature is well below the supercooling point in freezing tolerant individuals, whereas in most freezing intolerant species it is close to or at the supercooling point. Proteins also act as antifreezes in insects of both strategies, producing a thermal hysteresis by lowering the freezing point of haemolymph in a non-colligative fashion while not affecting the melting point temperature. Recent studies and developments in arthropod cold tolerance are discussed against this background, and a broader approach than hitherto is advocated, which integrates ecological information with physiological data.